Septic Services

Septic ServicesI’m not too sure about you, but I don’t know all that much about septic systems. All I really know without doing research, is that it is a sewage tank usually in your backyard, that can get really smelly and create issues if not properly maintained. These are usually found where homes have no direct access to public sewer lines. In the United States, approximately 25% of the population use this form of sewage disposal. I know my family had one when we lived in upstate New York.

It is called a Septic System because of the anaerobic bacterial known as Septic that develops within the tank and is the means by which waste that is discharged into the tank is decomposed. Furthermore, in looking at the system there are a few different pieces. First, there is the tank that is between 1,000 and 2,000 gallons. The tank is connected to an inlet waste water pipe at one end and a septic drain field at the other end. The tank itself has two chambers inside of it.

So how does the system work? Well, waste water enters the first chamber of the tank. Within the first chamber solids settle towards the bottom of the tank, while scum floats to the top. The solids are decomposed by the septic or anaerobic bacteria that I discussed earlier. The liquid from the first chamber, passes through the dividing wall, and into the second chamber of the tank. The liquid is further decomposed, and the resulting clearer liquid drains from the outlet into something known as the leach field which further traps impurities from the liquid.

Interesting system right? So how often does this tank need to be emptied? Well, as you can imagine this all depends on the size of the tank, and how much stuff is going into it. Also, the temperature. Believe it or not, the decomposition occurs more rapidly at a higher temperature than at a lower temperature. Some health inspectors require Septic Systems to be emptied at regular intervals, while sometimes it is left up to an inspector’s discretion of when it should be emptied. Obviously, older systems will need to be emptied much more frequently than newer systems.

What about cleaning your Septic System so that it continues to work at optimum level? First, you will want to understand how your specific septic tank works. Solid waste will usually accumulate on the bottom of the tank, while scum rises to the top and excess liquid is pumped out. Second, make sure you are consciences about your water usage. Keep in mind that a septic tank can only hold so much water at a time while it is trying to decompose the solid waste. Third, when taking good care of your septic system you will want to make sure the area is clear of any heavy objects. If you have something heavy sitting on top of the tank itself or the drain field it can damage the system or have it run less effectively. Lastly, make sure you aren’t putting anything down the drain that isn’t biodegradable, you still have a trash can for a reason. If you are finding you need help with your septic system get online and check out www.spartanrooter.com. They are experienced and would love to hear from you!

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